Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Social Mobility Meet Sandra, a mother as of late separated from her harsh white collar class spouse. Her past life had been agreeable; she currently lives everyday with her kids, filling in as a secretary while going to school courses in her little extra time, all while taking care of her home and family. She at long last winds up achieving her degree, yet can in any case secure no position paying higher than her secretarial activity, so she takes on a second activity as a basic food item checkout individual, still scarcely getting by for her family. As depicted in Ch. 9 of the Giddens text, this lady had clearly endeavored to endeavor to reestablish her life back to her past pre-separate from working class state. She says, You attempt to do the capable thing, and youre punished, in light of the fact that the framework we have right now doesnt furnish you with an approach to make it. (p. 169) However, she took in the most difficult way possible that class isn't exactly as simple to rise above in thi s alleged place where there is fresh chances to succeed. The United States is the most profoundly delineated society of the industrialized world. Class qualifications work in for all intents and purposes each part of our lives, deciding the idea of our work, the nature of our tutoring, and the wellbeing and security of our friends and family. However, astoundingly, we, as a country hold hallucinations about living in the industrialist place that is known for fresh chances to succeed, where any regular person can make his million on the off chance that he buckles down enough. The truth of the our circumstance is that the US isn't as open as we might suspect it might be, implying that social portability, or the development between classes, isn't close to as simple as we may accept. This is because of the way that numerous social issues, for example, sexual orientation, racial, and financial class, fill in as boundaries that hinder the way of ones social versatility. Regardless of our very own endeavors and gifts, versatility in our general p ublic is basically founded on ones status, and conquering the generalizations that go with ones status makes portability incredibly hard. Before inspecting how versatility is stifled inside society, it is essential to see what types exist in our industrialized country. Generally the measure of versatility in a general public is a significant pointer of its receptiveness. India, for instance, is a shut society, running on a position framework that directs ones status throughout everyday life and disallows any development between classes. The US has for the most part observed auxiliary versatility, which is progression opportunity made conceivable by an expansion in better-paid occupations to the detriment of lower-wage occupations. Since WWII, there has been a huge increment in lucrative administrative and official situations, just as manual common laborers occupations. Inside this auxiliary versatility, there is upper and descending portability that can permit an individual to either rise or fall in monetary class. Be that as it may, numerous different components become an integral factor, making headways incredibly tr oublesome, and class lines profoundly imbedded. In our general public, just as each other industrialized country, versatility depends on the possibility that the poor are the most minimal of the social layers, and that all portability proceeds upwards starting there. Because of this idea, society gains ground for the lower classes especially troublesome, in light of the fact that they ensure the status of the individuals who are not poor. Herbert Gans analyzes this idea in his piece, The Positive Functions of Poverty. He gives various instances of how the poor see no versatility since they are held down to profit the privileged societies. Gans likewise sees that the poor really add to the upper versatility of the non-poor. Truth be told, many can bring in cash off of the poor for their own social increase by giving them retail, amusement, betting, lodging, and opiates. (Gans, p.25) Due to small instruction and the generalizations of being unfit and languid, the poor empower others to get the better occupations. These generalizatio ns start while still in school, as observed in William Chamblisss piece, Saints and Roughnecks. The Saints were a gathering of privileged adolescent young men, similarly as reprobate as their lower class partners, the Roughnecks. Be that as it may, because of specific recognition and marking, the Roughnecks were focused as the awful children who didnt need to make a big deal about themselves, while the Saints were viewed as pioneers of
Saturday, August 22, 2020
I Prefer to Live in Big Cities than in Small-towns In English, there is a notable pixie tale about a poor nation kid, Dick Whittington, who goes to London since he accepts that the roads of that city are Ã¢â¬Å"paved with goldÃ¢â¬ . The story is a story of Ã¢â¬Å"from clothes to richesÃ¢â¬ . Dick in the end turns into the Lord Mayor of London. We will compose a custom paper test on I Prefer to Live in Big Cities Than in Small Towns or on the other hand any comparable point just for you Request Now Like the saint of that story, I love to take experience in the urban areas. I experienced childhood in an unassuming community and afterward moved to a major city, so I have encountered the great and terrible sides of both. I never believed that I might want living in a major city, however I wasn't right. Urban communities contain an incredible grouping of individuals. At whatever point I stroll around a shopping region at late morning on an end of the week, I am interested by all the various sorts of individuals rushing around the shops. Here and there, I simply sit on an open seat and essentially watch the variegated surges of customers. Today, in the period of globe-running vehicle and correspondences, city life is more blended than it has ever been. Capital urban communities are not cosmopolitan, and anxious to pull in outside exchange cash. There is a contemporary English joke which tells that Ã¢â¬Å"you can never discover an Englishman in LondonÃ¢â¬ . The United States is comprised of individuals of various races, religions, capacities, and interests. In any case, you only from time to time find such an assortment of individuals in a littler town. I feel that living in a territory where everybody was much the same as me would immediately get exhausting. Regardless of whether appropriately or wrongly, I love the energy of enormous urban areas. Humble communities have a moderate pace. Enormous urban areas mean you need to adjust to an assortment of circumstances, such as finding another course to work or attempting another cafÃ©. I appreciate that challenge without question. Another skillet of the energy of city living is the assortment of social exercises accessible. There is a wide combination of theater, music and move exhibitions accessible in large urban areas. These things are uncommon in little ones. Governments and nearby specialists as a rule construct open conveniences in the enormous urban areas. Cash is put resources into transport, libraries, parks and galleries. Frequently, nations will contend with one another for the best Ã¢â¬Å"show-caseÃ¢â¬ building. Malaysia has assembled a high rise that is taller than is anything in New York. In enormous nations, locale will go up against district: New York against Chicago, Shanghai against Hong Kong and Beijing. The entirety of this is useful for the resident. The enchantment of the Dick Whittington story is revived in me when I enter a library in an eminent structure. On the off chance that an individual is at college contemplating craftsmanship or music, an enormous city typically offers exhibitions and open exhibitions. In any event, when I was a young person, I valued the value of living in a city since a few times each year there was a live performance by one of my preferred groups. There is one thing I need to talk is unassuming communities and large urban communities both have a few issues as far as transportation. In a humble community, you have to claim a vehicle to guarantee a happy with living. You canÃ¢â¬â¢t get around without one on the grounds that there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t any sort of open transportation. Huge urban communities for the most part have overwhelming traffic and costly stopping, however there you have a decision of taking open transportation. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not free, however itÃ¢â¬â¢s regularly less expensive than driving when you think about gas and time. Particularly on the off chance that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a vehicle, youÃ¢â¬â¢re happier in the city. Furthermore, obviously, security is a worry, and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s one zone where unassuming communities are better than enormous urban areas. All things considered, I would prefer to be more careful and live in an enormous city than to have a sense of safety yet exhausted. Step by step instructions to refer to I Prefer to Live in Big Cities Than in Small Towns, Papers
Thursday, August 13, 2020
Cloud Computing School Of Science, Information Technology Cloud Computing School Of Science, Information Technology Engineering Assignment 1 â" Math Problem Example > ITECH 2201 Cloud ComputingSchool of Science, Information Technology EngineeringWorkbook for Week 6Part A (4 Marks)Exercise 1: Data Science(1 mark)Read the article at http: //datascience. berkeley. edu/about/what-is-data-science/ and answer the following: What is Data Science? There exists no consensus on what the concept of data science means as the term means different these to different people. Nonetheless, data science refers to an emerging interdisciplinary field that can be found at the intersection of the several disciplines including social science, statistics, design, information and computer (Datascience@berkeley, n.d. ). According to IBM estimation, what is the percent of the data in the world today that has been created in the past two years? IBM estimate that 2.5 quintillion of data is create every day, which is unprecedented rate that a full 90 percent of all the data that exist in the world today has been generated in the last two years. This data originate from div erse sources. ____________________________________________________________________________What is the value of petabyte storage? The value of petabyte storage is 1024 terabyte or one million gigabytes For each course, both foundation and advanced, you find at http: //datascience. berkeley. edu/academics/curriculum/briefly state (in 2 to 3 lines) what they offer? Based on the given course description as well as from the video. Research Design and Application for Data and Analysis is a foundation course that offers skills in how to apply disciplined, creative methods to enable them advance better questions, collect data efficiently, interpret findings, and present the findings to different audiences. Data Science W203: Exploring and Analyzing Data introduces learners to several quantitative research methods and statistical techniques employed in data analysis and covers inferential statistics, sampling, experimental design, tests of differences, measurement, and general linear models . Data Science W205: Storing and Retrieving Data covers data storage, management and retrieval necessary in analysis. It aims at providing learners with theoretical knowledge and practical experience to help students master bid data management, storage and retrieval. Data Visualization and Communication is a foundation course in which students learn how to communicate patterns found in data clearly and effectively. It focuses on design and implementation of complementary of both visual and verbal representations of analyses in presenting results, responding to questions, and driving decision. Data Science W251: Scaling Up! Really Big Data offers the students with an overview of the complementary toolkits for solving problems associated with big data and cloud computing. Date Science W231. Behind the Data: Humans and Values is an advanced course that introduces the students to legal, policy, and ethical implication of data, and covers related issues including data privacy, surveill ance, security, classification, and discrimination, among others. Experiments and Causal Inference is an advanced course offering skills in experimental design, statistical analysis, communication findings, cleaning data and mining and exploring data. Also, it introduces learners to experimentation and designed based inference. Data Science W271. Applied Regression and Time Series Analysis is an advanced course that offer skills in application of more advanced methods derived from regression analyses and time series models. It stresses on selection, application, and implementation of statistical techniques to detect significant patterns and develop insights from the data.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
George Orwells 1984 is such an influential novel that you neednt have read it to notice its effect. With its chilling examination of totalitarian regimes, 1984 changed the language we use to discuss those very regimes. Popular terms like Big Brother, Orwellian, or Newspeak were all originated by Orwell in 1984. The novel was OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to highlight what he saw as an existential threat posed by authoritarian leaders like Joseph Stalin. It remains a vital commentary on the techniques of brutal totalitarian regimes and only becomes more prescient and applicable as technology catches up with its nightmarish vision. Fast Facts: 1984 Author: George OrwellPublisher: Secker and WarburgYear Published: 1949Genre: Science fictionType of Work: NovelOriginal Language: EnglishThemes: Totalitarianism, destruction of the self, control of informationCharacters: Winston Smith, Julia, OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, Syme, Mr. CharringtonNotable Adaptations: A film adaptation released in 1984 starred John Hurt as Winston and Richard Burton, in his last role, as OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien.Fun Fact: Because of his socialist politics and connections to the Communist Party, Orwell himself was under government surveillance for years. Plot Summary Winston Smith lives in what is known as Airstrip One, formerly Britain, a province of a large nation-state known as Oceania. Posters everywhere declare BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, and Thought Police could be anywhere, watching for signs of Thoughtcrime. Smith works at the Ministry of Truth changing historical texts to match the current propaganda being distributed by the government. Winston longs to rebel, but confines his rebellion to keeping a forbidden journal, which he writes in a corner of his apartment hidden from the two-way television screen on his wall. At work, Winston meets a woman named Julia and begins a forbidden love affair, meeting her in a room he rents above a shop in the midst of the non-party population, known as proles. At work, Winston suspects that his superior, a man named OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, is involved with a resistance movement called The Brotherhood, led by a mysterious man named Emmanuel Goldstein. WinstonÃ¢â¬â¢s suspicions are confirmed when OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien invites him and Julia to join The Brotherhood, but this turns out to be a ruse and the pair are arrested. Winston is brutally tortured. He slowly gives up all outward resistance, but preserves what he believes is an inner core of his true self symbolized by his feelings for Julia. In the end he is confronted by his worst fear, a terror of rats, and betrays Julia by begging his torturers to do it to her instead. Broken, Winston is returned to public life a true believer. Major Characters Winston Smith. A 39-year old man who works for the Ministry of Truth. Winston romanticizes the lives of the non-Party proles and indulges in daydreams in which they rise up and spark a revolution. Winston rebels in his private thoughts and in small actions that seem relatively safe, like his journal-keeping. His torture and destruction at the end of the novel is tragic because of the sheer lack of necessity; Winston was being manipulated from the very beginning and never posed any true threat. Julia. Similarly to Winston, Julia is outwardly a dutiful Party member, but inwardly seeks to rebel. Unlike Winston, JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s motivations for rebellion stem from her own desires; she wishes to pursue pleasure and leisure. OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien. Literally everything the reader is told about OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien in the first half of the story is revealed to be untrue. He is WinstonÃ¢â¬â¢s superior at the Ministry of Truth, but he is also a member of the Thought Police. OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien therefore represents the Party perfectly: He is changeable as needed, weaponizes information or the lack of it, and ultimately serves solely to perpetuate power and snuff out resistance of any kind. Syme. A colleague of WinstonÃ¢â¬â¢s, working on a Newspeak dictionary. Winston perceives SymeÃ¢â¬â¢s intelligence and predicts that he will disappear as a result of it, a prediction that quickly comes true. Mr. Charrington. A kindly old man who helps Winston rebel, and is later revealed as a member of the Thought Police. Major Themes Totalitarianism. Orwell argues that in a one-party political state where all other parties are outlawed, perpetuation of power becomes the sole purpose of the State. Towards this end, a totalitarian state will restrict freedom increasingly until the only freedom that remains is freedom of private thoughtÃ¢â¬âand the State will then attempt to restrict this as well. Control of Information. Orwell argues in the novel that the lack of access to information and the corruption of information makes meaningful resistance to the Party impossible. Orwell foresaw the rise of fake news decades before it was named. Destruction of the Self. The ultimate goal of all totalitarian regimes in OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion. Only by replacing individual desires with a template created by the State can true control be asserted. Literary Style Orwell writes in plain, largely unadorned language and a neutral tone, which evokes the crushing despair and dullness of WinstonÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. He also ties the point of view tightly to Winston, forcing the reader to accept what Winston tells them much as Winston accepts what he is told, all of which is ultimately revealed as a lie. Explore the style, themes, and more with discussion questions. About the Author Born in 1903 in India, George Orwell was an incredibly influential writer, best-known for his novels Animal Farm and 1984, as well as essays on various topics covering politics, history, and social justice. Many of the concepts Orwell introduced in his writing have become part of pop culture, such as the phrase Big Brother is Watching You and the use of the descriptor Orwellian to indicate an oppressive surveillance state.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Dear Parents and Guardians, I would like to start off by welcoming you in to our preschool program. The importance of this letter is to get you involved into the planning of activities the children will be doing and explaining the importance of how play impacts your childÃ¢â¬â¢s development. Play is the seed of learning in this age group. We will write a custom essay sample on Letter to Parents for Child Care or any similar topic only for you Order Now Between three years old to about seven years old children should be allowed to play most of their day uninterrupted due to the way the child is interacting with the activity they are doing. While your child is playing they are learning to over come many obstacles in their life what you might not see. The child at play is learning to work in groups with other children and getting along. They learn to share and respect each other. Playing is the highest level of learning a child can do, like writing is for adolescents. Take the children playing in the dramatic play area and playing restaurant, they are learning to listen to what each other wants as they ask for it. They are learning to share the food being made in the kitchen, and well was Ã¢â¬Å"eatingÃ¢â¬ the food. They learn to listen by paying for their food and learning to wait their turn. They have to wait to be served as well as for their food. At the sensory table that children are playing with moon sand this week, only about four to about 5 children at a time can play there. They learn to take turns with the toys that are with the moon sand, as well as timings due to having to take turns with other children that would like to play in that same area but there just isnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough room. As teachers, teen teachers, babysitters, and parents we can learn so much from watching children play. You learn about the whole child and how you can assist that child. You can see what the child might need help in. If the child has problems talking with other children, you now know you need to work on that childÃ¢â¬â¢s speech. A child that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to share now you know that they child isnÃ¢â¬â¢t around a lot of other children most of the time. You can learn everything about a child by just watching them play. You learn about where they come from by the way they interact with others, if they have other children in the family, and you learn how creative the child is. This helps teachers and assistances to much. This helps gage where the children are at developmentally and what areas they need to work on. Allowing children to play most of the day, they learn to problem solve, take turns, share, listen, interact with others and let out energy in a positive way. A child learns so much through play and there day would be arranged around the time they get to play. The child has a sense of control of what is going on in their life when they are at play. Playing shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be directed by parents or teachers. The time for the childÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination to rome free and learning to take place. Sincerely, Kaitlyn Brown, Daycare Director How to cite Letter to Parents for Child Care, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Claiming Health in Food Products. Answer: Introduction Businesses operate in a dynamic environment which makes change inevitable. The change affects the performance of the retail business to some extent because the firm has to change how it carries out its operations. The performance due to the various factors contributing to the change can either improve or decline. Performance in businesses is measured using various metrics which include sales volume, profit, customer acquisition, market share, employee retention and employee satisfaction (Bai, Sarkis, 2014). There is the need to identify the factors affecting the performance of the retail business in New Zealand and Fenton Quality produce was used to help identify the factors. Fenton Quality Produce Ltd is a fruit and vegetable shop located in Rotorua in New Zealand. The company was started by Nick Patel after realizing that most the people in Rotorua had been buying fresh greens and that demand for fresh fruits and vegetables was very high because people had embraced healthy eating habits. The company buys the supplies from suppliers in Tauranga, Hamilton, and Auckland. The company engages in both wholesale and retail operations, and it has played a major role in satisfying the needs of the customers in terms of fresh fruits and vegetables in Rotorua and its neighboring locations. Problem identification/opportunity Organizations make profits and losses, but they usually do not know the cause of the change in performance. The lack of the knowledge prevents the companies from sustaining their success (Anderson, et al.2014). This leads to loss of market share, customers shifting their loyalty to the products of the other organizations, increased employee turnover which disrupts the operations of the business due to the shortage of employees to perform various tasks in the organization. This leads to increased costs such as opportunity loss due to the shortage of produce in the market. Retail businesses play a critical role in the economy and also ensuring that customers receive the needed products of the right quality and quantity. In respect of the mentioned issues, the research will be aimed at identifying the factors affecting the performance of retail businesses in New Zealand. Retail businesses especially those engaging in fresh fruits and vegetable play a critical role in the economy and improving the health of many consumers. Due to their importance in the society, their need to identify the factors that affect their performance. Identification of the factors will enable the businesses to operate effectively and efficiently as they will be aware of the measures they are supposed to take at different stages of the operations. Identification of the problem will also enable the business to come up with solutions that will prevent the organization from making losses and this will lead to improved profits and performance of the business. Therefore, I find the area relevant in carrying out the study of the factors affecting retail business performance. The study focuses on the performance of retail businesses in New Zealand with the point of reference being Fenton Quality Produce limited. The scope will be limited to the factors affecting the performance of retail businesses and be able to come up with the main factor that affects the performance of Fenton Quality Produce. Many types of research have been conducted by various authors and scholars to identify the factors that affect business entities in various countries. Each scholar usually has his/her opinion. The opinions sometimes are in agreement but also the opinions sometimes conflict especially where the authors use retail businesses in different industries (Pantano, 2014). This study is interested in exploring the work of authors who focused their studies on the factors affecting the retail businesses especially the fresh fruits and vegetables. The major concepts and studies under consideration in identifying the factors affecting the performance of retail businesses include the management theories, the marketing theories, the industry of the retail business, competition and health factors. Management theories. The management of the business plays a very critical role in the performance of the business. The management of the organization can propel the organization to a greater success or even cripple the business. Employing the right management style will motivate the staff and lead to greater performance. Right management will be able to come up with SMART organizational goals which will give the retail business a sense of direction (Huarng, Ribeiro-Soriano, 2014). The goals of the business should also be communicated well to avoid conflicting goals which may prevent good performance. The performance of the retail business will be improved if the management clearly communicates the goals of the organization as the employees will be aware of the tasks they are supposed to accomplish and achieving the targets will motivate them. The participative management style enables the manager to consider the output of the stakeholders before making decisions. The opinions of the employees are valued and this makes them feel satisfied and work hard to accomplish the goals of the organization which they helped to set (Dozier, Grunig, Grunig, 2013). Affiliate management style enables the manager to create a harmonious environment which will make the employee have the conducive working environment needed to be productive. This kind of management style ensures that the organization is not faced with conflicts between the managers and the employees (Chen, et al.2012). This kind of style motivates and makes employees happy. This enables the organization to achieve its target goals because the employees are satisfied. Directive management style ensures the employees comply with the set rules and regulations. This gives employees no time to put their creativity and innovative abilities to use because the management does not allow so. The employees feel threatened, and they are punished when they make a mistake or fail to meet their targets (Hashim, 2013). This kind of management style can be very effective in situations where deviations from the set plan are risky. The directive style can also be effective in situations of crisis in the organization. The policies made by the leader should be followed. However, the style does not create a conducive environment for employees to be productive and this will cause the business not to be efficient and effective in its performance. Marketing theory. Marketing refers to the companys activities of buying and selling products. Marketing mix refers to the factors used by a firm to influence consumers to purchase a certain product (Gordon, 2012). Most organizations use the popularly known 4P's of the marketing mix. This comprises of the price of the product, promotion, place and the product itself. Price refers to the set consideration the company is willing to accept in exchange for its products. The price should be set by considering various aspects which include the income of the target market and the behavior of the consumers (Singh, 2012). The retail business tends to lower their selling prices to sell more and I completely agree with this statement. The retail business sells more if the product has a high price elasticity and lowering the price will attract more customers. The business should also offer their customers price discounts to attract more customers. The price should reflect the value of the product being sold by the business and this will attract more customers leading to the success of the retail business. Setting high prices will scare consumers unless the business is selling Veblen goods. The product refers to the goods and services offered by the business. The business should ensure that its products are of high quality to attract more customers. The business should also sell products that satisfy the needs and preferences of the customers (Singh, 2013). Like in our case, the Fenton Quality Produce limited sells fresh fruits and vegetables which are needed by the consumers, and this enables it to sell more and be successful. Offering consumers inferior goods will result to low sells as customers prefer high quality products. Place in the marketing mix refers to where the goods and services can be purchased. The business should ensure that the business is strategically placed to create convenience to the consumers willing to buy the products (Gordon, 2012).The products of the business should be easily accessible, and this is ensured by having effective supply chain management in the organization which will ensure that the goods are readily available when needed by the customers. If the goods are not accessible, few goods will be purchased, and the business performance will decline. The last P is for promotion. This refers to the activities the organization engages in to ensure that the buyers recognize the products of the business. The business should engage in sales promotion, public relations, and advertisements. The promotion enables the business to highlight the strengths of the business and why consumers should purchase the products. The advertisements include television advertisements, print media, and radio commercials. The business can also engage in social media advertising which has been very effective for many businesses (Chaffey, Smith, Smith, 2013). Word of mouth also helps the business products to be recognized as satisfied buyers will refer other buyers to the products of the organization, and this enables the firm to perform better. Poor advertisement can damage the reputation of the business and lead to poor performance. The industry of the retail business. The industry of the retail business also plays a critical role in the success of the retail business (Christensen, 2013). Businesses related to agricultural industry are more affected by this factor. For instance, Fenton Quality Produce sells fresh fruits and vegetables. This will force the business to invest a lot in storage facilities to store the perishable products so that they can be in the condition needed by the customers. Failure to provide fresh products will force the customers to seek products from other firms. If the industry is seasonal, the business should determine when to lower their prices because the supply of the products exceed demand. This knowledge will enable the business to prosper. Failure to offer discounts and lower prices will lead the business to perform poorly. This refers to the rivalries between two or more entities. Businesses compete for market share, consumers, profits and even suppliers. The business should ensure that it creates a competitive advantage that will enable it to position its products in a better position than those of the competitors (Bennett, et al.2013). If it does so, it will perform better. If the business does not create competitive advantage, it will be eliminated from the business operations because it will not be able to compete. Businesses selling products which have health benefits tend to sell more than businesses offering products which are said to be hazardous. Nowadays, people have embraced healthy living, and a business selling products which satisfy the needs of the customers tend to perform better as they attract more customers than other firms (Lhteenmki, 2013). Businesses should, therefore, ensure that they offer products with nutritional value so that they can perform better Among several factors discussed in the literature, the industry of the retail business factors is more appropriate to the Fenton Quality Produce Ltd. This is because the company sells perishable products which need a lot of care so that they can be fresh always. Participative management style is more appropriate for the firm because there is need to consult the stakeholders on the best ways to maximize the sales of the company than other management styles. What are the effects of management style on the performance of retail businesses? Does marketing mix affect the performance of retail businesses? Conclusion From the findings of the literature review, management styles play a very critical role in the performance of the retail businesses. The choice of the management style will affect the motivation and the satisfaction of the employees. If the management style motivates the employees like in the case of affiliate and participative management styles, the employees feel valued and motivated and they will help the business achieve its goals as they will perform their tasks effectively. Directive management style will cause the employee to feel uncomfortable as they fear to be punished if they do not achieve their targets. This creates a poor working environment and the employee will not perform their duties well. The business should, therefore, use participative and affiliate management styles to solve management problems that affect the performance of the retail business. The other notable finding is that the management should employ the marketing strategies that will enable its products to be recognized. The firm should know the best times to reduce the prices to attract more customers, the time to offer customers discounts to encourage repeat and bulk purchases. The company should always set the most appropriate selling price to attract more customers and also make a profit. This will help the organization to solve the problems associated with setting the selling price of the products which have a direct influence on the performance of the retail business. The study findings will be useful to all the retail businesses in New Zealand and to potential entrepreneurs who wish to venture into the business of selling fresh fruits and vegetables like Fenton Quality Produce Ltd. The investors will be able to know that their business is affected by weather conditions and it is seasonal so they will have all the knowledge needed so that they can make the right decisions that will help them to prosper. The investors will also know that they should invest more resources in storage facilities because the products of the business are perishable and they require proper storage facilities so that they can be fresh always. References Anderson, D. R., Sweeney, D. J., Williams, T. A., Camm, J. D., Cochran, J. J. (2014). Statistics for business economics, revised. Cengage Learning. Bai, C., Sarkis, J. (2014). Determining and applying sustainable supplier key performance indicators. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 19(3), 275-291. Bennett, V. M., Pierce, L., Snyder, J. A., Toffel, M. W. (2013). Customer-driven misconduct: How competition corrupts business practices. Management Science, 59(8), 1725-1742. Chaffey, D., Smith, P. R., Smith, P. R. (2013). eMarketing eXcellence: Planning and optimizing your digital marketing. Routledge. Chen, X. H., Zhao, K., Liu, X., Dash Wu, D. (2012). Improving employees' job satisfaction and innovation performance using conflict management. International Journal of Conflict Management, 23(2), 151-172. Christensen, C. M. (2013). The innovator's dilemma: when new technologies cause great firms to fail. Harvard Business Review Press. Dozier, D. M., Grunig, L. A., Grunig, J. E. (2013). Manager's guide to excellence in public relations and communication management. Routledge. Gordon, R. (2012). Re-thinking and re-tooling the social marketing mix. Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ), 20(2), 122-126. Hashim, M. (2013). Change management. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(7), 685. Huarng, K. H., Ribeiro-Soriano, D. E. (2014). Developmental management: Theories, methods, and applications in entrepreneurship, innovation, and sensemaking. Journal of Business Research, 67(5), 657-662. Lhteenmki, L. (2013). Claiming health in food products. Food Quality and Preference, 27(2), 196-201. Pantano, E. (2014). Innovation drivers in retail industry. International Journal of Information Management, 34(3), 344-350. Produce, F. Q. (2017, October 4). facebook.com. Retrieved from https://web.facebook.com/Fenton-Quality-Produce-364598750548964/?_rdc=1_rdr Singh, D. (2013). The brand personality component of brand goodwill: some antecedents and consequences. Brand equity advertising: Advertising's role in building strong brands, 83. Singh, M. (2012). Marketing mix of 4Ps for competitive advantage. Journal of Business and Management, 3(6), 40-45.